• About uninsurance and the ER

    An eagle eyed reader pointed me to this study:

    Purpose

    Uninsured children face health-related disparities in screening, treatment, and outcomes. To ensure payer status would not influence the decision to provide emergency care, the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) was passed in 1986, which states patients cannot be refused treatment or transferred from one hospital to another when medically unstable. Given findings indicating the widespread nature of disparities based on insurance, we hypothesized that a disparity in patient outcome (death) after trauma among the uninsured may exist, despite the EMTALA.

    Methods

    Data on patients age 17 years or younger (n = 174,921) were collected from the National Trauma Data Bank (2002-2006), containing data from more than 900 trauma centers in the United States. We controlled for race, injury severity score, sex, and injury type to detect differences in mortality among the uninsured and insured. Logistic regression with adjustment for clustering on hospital was used.

    Results

    Crude analysis revealed higher mortality for uninsured children and adolescents compared with the commercially or publicly insured (odds ratio [OR] 2.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.64-3.34; P < .001). Controlling for sex, race, age, injury severity, and injury type, and clustering within hospital facility, uninsured children had the highest mortality compared with the commercially insured (OR, 3.32; 95% CI, 2.95-3.74; P < .001], whereas children and adolescents with Medicaid also had higher mortality (OR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.07-1.33; P = .001).

    Conclusions

    These results demonstrate that uninsured and publicly insured American children and adolescents have higher mortality after sustaining trauma while accounting for a priori confounders. Possible mechanisms for this disparity include treatment delay, receipt of fewer diagnostic tests, and decreased health literacy, among others.

    Here’s the gist – people wanted to see if being uninsured was associated with worse outcomes at the emergency room after trauma.  Because, you know, we have a universal system where everyone can get free care at the emergency room.  Or not.

    The researchers looked at tons of data, almost 175,000 children injured between 2002 and 2006.  They controlled for race, injury severity score, sex, and injury type.  And even after doing that, children who were uninsured had more than three times the odds of dying from comparable injuries than children covered with private insurance.

    So there you have it.  Being uninsured is associated with an increased risk of children dying, from injuries, in an emergency room.  Maybe someone should tell the people who claim there’s no evidence that uninsurance leads to a higher chance off death.

    It’s unlikely you can get the whole article, because it’s probably behind a paywall, but it’s entitled, “Lack of insurance negatively affects trauma mortality in US children.”

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